Carotenoids are chemical compounds that give a natural color to fruits and vegetables. These pigments produce bright yellow, red, and orange in plants, vegetables, and fruits.
Carotenoids are included in the family of antioxidants that can protect you from various disease risks and boost your immune system.
There are more than 600 types of carotenoids. Some of the most common types are alpha carotene, beta carotene, beta cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, and lycopene.
Identify the most common types of carotenoids
Groupings of carotenoids are divided into two main groups, namely xantophyll (in the majority of yellow fruits and vegetables) and carotene (contained in the majority of vegetable plant-based sources).
Xantofil contains oxygen. Xantofil can protect the body from the sun. Lutein, zeaxanthin, and beta cryptoxantin belong to this species. Lutein and zaezanthin are known to be beneficial for eye health.
Foods included in the category of xantofil, among others, cabbage, spinach, pumpkin, pumpkin, avocado, yellow fruit, corn, and egg yolks.
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Carotene does not contain oxygen, but contains a hydrocarbon compound. Carotene plays an important role in helping plant growth. Alpha carotene, beta carotene and lycopene fall into this category.
Foods in the category of carotene include carrots, cantaloupe, sweet potatoes, papaya, tangerines, tomatoes, and pumpkin.
From there, carotenoids are grouped again into provitamin A and non-provitamin A. Provitamin can be converted into vitamin A in the intestines or liver. Vitamin A itself is an important component to human health, which helps maintain eye health and immunity.
Alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and beta cryptoxanthin belong to the group of provitamin A. While lutein, zeaxanthin and lycopene are non-provitamin A.