This article provides an overview of inhaled steroids, including their uses and types. We also describe how to take them, how long these
medications last, and their side effects.Inhaled steroids are treatments
for breathing disorders.
There are several advantages to inhaling steroids, rather than taking them by mouth. Inhalation allows high levels of the drugs to
reach the airways and low levels to reach the rest of the body. Taken
orally, steroids have more wide-ranging effects.Some advantages to using
inhaled steroids include smaller dosages and fewer adverse effects.
Using inhaled steroids may also reduce the need for oral steroids.
Children and adults with asthma can use inhaled steroids alone or in combination with long-acting bronchodilators.
The Global Initiative For Asthma (GINA) recognize inhaled steroids as the most effective anti-inflammatory type of drug for asthma. GINA
recommend inhaled steroids because they can:People with COPD often use a
combination of an inhaled steroid and long-acting bronchodilator.
Or, they may use a combination inhaler that contains a steroid, a long-acting bronchodilator, and a long-acting muscarinic antagonist
The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) recommend inhaled steroids plus long-acting bronchodilators for treating
COPD. They also recommend a combination of an inhaled steroid, a
long-acting steroid, and a LAMA for COPD.