° Ethical Philo (test) °

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Ashii

Age: 121
Total Posts: 31001
Points: 0

Location:
France, France
These questions reflect the dilemmas that have captured the attention of history’s most significant ethical philosophers.

Answer the questions as best you can (try to understand the question first)
post ur answers and i ll post the result with names of philosophers/philosophies according to their compatibility with your opinion.
Posted 27 Mar 2005

Ashii says

1. MORAL STATEMENTS Moral statements are primarily:
a) statements of fact or truth (e.g. "Murder is wrong" means "It is a fact that murder is wrong").
b) statements of the speaker's desire/emotion? (e.g. "Murder is wrong" means "I hate murder").
c) statements of command (e.g. "Murder is wrong" means "I say: don't murder").
d) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


2. PURPOSE TO LIFE Does each person have a moral purpose/morally ideal way to live?
a) Yes, the ideal life exists outside of one's preferences and is the same for all people
b) Yes, but the way to live in order to meet that purpose is unique for each individual
c) Yes, but following moral law is the only standard that a person must meet
d) No, yet there are ways to act that are inherently more conducive to the self-interest of the person who is acting
e) No, yet there are logically consistent ways to act and logically inconsistent ways to act
f) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


3. PROPER ORIGIN OF MORALITY Where does the proper distinction between "good" and "bad" come from?
a) A moral realm that is completely unique, transcendent.
b) Every individual, through their choice to pursue that which they desire.
c) God's will
d) From holistic forces of the universe (may involve divine power or not).
e) Human nature, with the natural interests of people
f) Human intellect, with the natural capabilities of human thought
g) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


4. SOCIETAL INFLUENCE Must a person be coerced/ influenced at some level by societal powers in order to live morally/virtuously?
a) Yes, people will be good only when ruling forces of society use the power of force to make them be as such.
b) Yes, people will try to be good when they have knowledge of the virtuous life, but societal guidance and reinforcement (sometimes forceful) is necessary.
c) Sort of, society doesn't have to coerce a person to find morality, but the interest/rights of others in society must conveyed to a person in order for that person to determine right from wrong.
d) No, society should be not be an influence on a person when one is trying to find virtue.
e) No, society must be physically abandoned in all its forms in order to find virtue.
f) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


5. VIRTUOUS LIFE To be virtuous/live morally, we should primarily make moral distinctions according to:
a) our passions, desires, and sentiment.
b) our reasoning that is used to achieve our will.
c) our inherent knowledge (what we know without experimentation).
d) our empirical knowledge (what we know with experimentation).
e) our intellect in general, but not to achieve desires.
f) religious revelation and spiritual reflection.
g) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


6. HAPPINESS Will using morality properly necessarily result in maximization of our own happiness?
a) Yes.
b) No, not necessarily.
c) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


7. UNIVERSAL LAW Should I act as if the maxim (principle) with which I act were to become the universal law for all rational people?
a) Yes, and any deviation from this rule is wrong.
b) Yes, but in a very loose manner, evaluating the unique specifics of the situation is essential.
c) No, there is a consistent morality that applies to all, but their methods may differ greatly.
d) No, one's own actions are not morally equivalent to the actions of others.
e) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices.

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


8. END, MEANS, INTENT Which is the most important, morally?
a) The intent (the choice to do something or the will).
b) The means (the way something is done).
c) The ends (the results from the action).
d) None of them are significantly more important than the others.
e) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


9. INDIVIDUAL & OTHERS Is the self-pleasure or self-preservation of the individual ever in conflict with the same type of interests of others?
a) No, and virtuous living is consistently beneficial to the individual and the community.
b) Yes, and it is wrong to be selfish, one should lean towards benevolence.
c) Yes, and neither the interest of own self nor the interest of the other is more important.
d) Yes, and acting in one's own self-interest is fine.
e) Yes, and acting in one's own self-interest is morally essential.
f) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


10. LIBERTY Would it be ideal to maximize pleasure for all people even at the cost of liberty for some?
a) Yes
b) No, we need liberty
c) No, maximization of pleasure for all people has nothing to do with morality.
d) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


11. ASCETIC LIFE Is ascetic living (simple life with a minimum of physical comforts) conducive to being virtuous?
a) Yes, it is essential to live this way
b) Pretty much, but it isn't particularly essential to live this way
c) No, physical comforts are fine, they may even be rewarding
d) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low


12. VIRTUOUS PERSON A virtuous person can be described best as:
a) Strong, powerful and passionate
b) Strong, powerful and rational
c) Humble, restrained and spiritual
d) Humble, restrained and rational
e) Caring and loving
f) Concerned with others, yet very rational
g) Doesn't matter/Dislike all answer choices

What priority do you place on your selection above?
High   Medium   Low

Posted 27 Mar 2005

LiL_DollY says
not philosophy
Posted 28 Mar 2005

Ashii says
u dont need to b philosopher to answer these quest
all u need is a little brain and some time

Posted 28 Mar 2005

LiL_DollY says
i wont answer

Cause pardon me
but i dislike philo
big time

I got a D in my class
a person who always gets a's and b's got a c

philo is not my sub
Posted 28 Mar 2005

LiL_DollY says
why: cause at the moment you think you have the right answer it turns out to be something else

and it doesnt make sense

thats it for me
Posted 28 Mar 2005

Ashii says
thnx ather,,
wait for more posts,, sab ka aik sath batau gi na




dolly
let me tell ya one thing,,, there isnt any RITE or WRONG answer...... it s just ur opinion that we need
Posted 29 Mar 2005

1.b
2.d
3.f
4.i skip this   
5.f
6.b
7.d
8.c
9.a
10.c
11.b
12.f
Posted 29 Mar 2005

Posted 29 Mar 2005

Freddy says
1)a) statements of fact or truth (e.g. "Murder is wrong" means "It is a fact that murder is wrong") (high)
2)a)Yes, the ideal life exists outside of one's preferences and is the same for all people
3)e/f but prefer e, Human nature, with the natural interests of people (high)
4)a Yes, people will be good only when ruling forces of society use the power of force to make them be as such.

5)f) religious revelation and spiritual reflection.(high)
6)b) No, not necessarily.
7)c) No, there is a consistent morality that applies to all, but their methods may differ greatly
8)b
9)b) Yes, and it is wrong to be selfish, one should lean towards benevolence. (high)
10)c) No, maximization of pleasure for all people has nothing to do with morality(high)
11)b) Pretty much, but it isn't particularly essential to live this way

d) Humble, restrained and rational
Posted 29 Mar 2005

Ashii says
gooood gooooodddddd..

franky,,, n°4 samajh nahi aaya kya??
want me to explain it ??

freddy putar,,, good

answer liye sab wait karein
few more posts
Posted 29 Mar 2005

let me give it a try again
abhi agar na samjh aai tu
u shall explain

i get its 4:d
Posted 30 Mar 2005

WAFA says
1..>d
2..>d

3..f
4..>b
5..>f
6..>b
7..>d
8..>b
9..>..yes.and yes one should be SELFISH to some extent...TO SOME EXTENT,
10..> C
11..>B AND C
12..>STRONG, SPRITUAL, RATIONAL
Posted 30 Mar 2005

LiL_DollY says
that what i dont get theres no right or wrong
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
LiL_DollY said:

that what i dont get theres no right or wrong


all philosophers have diff point of views...
ex : for few of them,, morality or spirituality must b base of all our actions,,, beautiful theory but how many ppl act in such way ??
at the other hand we have philosophers who think that circomtances are much more important than MORALITY itself,,

killing is wrong,, everyone know it,, but then wot abt all saint wars, jihad... and killing at the name of law ??
so,,,,,,,,,,,,,
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
hannn jiiiiiiiii..
before giving ur results,, lemme give a brief def of each philosopher...

AQUINAS (1225-1274)
All life has a purpose
Meeting this purpose allows one to be happy.
Happiness is to be found in the love of God.
God's grace providing entrance into heaven creates the highest form of human happiness.
Short of heaven, a person can achieve a more limited form of happiness through a life of virtue and friendship.
Morality is not determined by the arbitrary will of God.
Morality is derived from human nature and the activities that are objectively suited to it.
The difference between right and wrong can be appreciated through the use of reason and reflection.
Religious reflection may supplement the use of reason and reflection to determine right from wrong.
Societies must enact laws to ensure the correct application of moral reasoning.
Human nature is good because God made it good.


Aristotle (384-322 BC)
The life of virtue is rewarding for the individual and the community.
The essence of a thing does not exist independent of the thing.
There is no completely universal idea of "the good."
There is an individualized ideal form for all living things.
In living in accordance with their true nature, humans will find the most enjoyment out of reasoning.
An investigation of human nature can reveal how humans ought to act.
Humans have a pre-defined purpose.
People can have variations on the best way to exist in order to meet their purpose.
The mean between the extremes of any given characteristic is the ideal.
The rule of the "Golden Mean" is not to be applied mechanically
Aristotle discusses having practical knowledge as being able to have the right means to one's action and the right ends.


Augustine (354-430)
Happiness is a union of the soul with God after one has died
Bodily pleasures are relatively inferior to spiritual pleasures.
Philosophical reasoning is not the path to wisdom and happiness.
A love of God and faith in Jesus is the only path to happiness.
God is the one to allow people to practice the love of God.
One must love God in order to fulfill moral law.
People are inherently evil; only the grace of God (or is it merit to be saved?) can save them.


Ayn Rand (1905-1982)
We should all act with our own interests as the ultimate goal of our actions.
We have free will.
Moral standards are objective, and can be known rationally


Cynicism
All the fruits of civilization are worthless
Salvation is found in a rejection of society and a return to simple ascetic living
Virtue consists in finding salvation in oneself


Kant (1724-1804)
We can make a prior judgments; the negation of such judgments would a logical absurdity because a priori knowledge is known without sensory data.
We combine a priori and a posteriori knowledge to
We have freedom
God is not essential for his moral argumentation
The objective facts about the human knowledge leads to Kant's morality
We must act ought of a sense of duty in order to be moral
Moral action does not come out of following inclinations
Moral standards must be followed without qualification
We must always act so that the means of our actions could be a universal law
We must always treat people as ends not means


Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm (1844-1900)
We have free will
There is no God
Social conformity should not hold us back
The interests of others should not restrain us
We should be passionate beings
Masculinity, strength and passion are the highest qualities in a person
Conventional morality is a crutch to man


Sartre (1905-1980)
When we choose something, we affirm the value of our choice because we have chosen it above other choices
When we choose something for ourselves, we should choose it for all people.
We must be consistent in our interpretations of moral situations regardless of whom the agent is.
Logic cannot help us specific situations
Making conscious moral choices is more significant than consistently following moral guidelines
The conflict between the interests of two people is in the end, irresolvable


Bentham, Jeremy (1748-1832)
Nature has placed humans under two states: pain and pleasure.
The words right and wrong are significant only when related to the Utilitarian principle.
Pleasures are not distinguished by quality; pleasure has quantifiable value


EPICURIANISM - Epicurus (341-270 BC)
Pleasure is the ultimate moral end
Dynamic (passionate) pleasures are bad, passive (mild) pleasures are good
The end result of pleasure is what is significant


Hume, David (1711-1776)
Reason can show us how to meet our ends, but only passions and sentiment can determine our ultimate goals.
No "is" implies an "ought."
Reason cannot give rise to moral judgments.
Humans are naturally sympathetic creatures


Mill, John Stuart (1806-1873)
The Utilitarian principle is correct when the quality of pleasures is accounted for
Liberty is the most important pleasure


Ockham, William of (1285-1349)
God's Will is the only determinant of good and evil.
Faith and revelation, not philosophizing, allow one to know good from evil


Plato (427-347)
There is reason to act justly even if one can get away with acting unjustly.
There is a single, general, pure idea of goodness that all good things possess.
There is only one model of the just person.
Justice is a harmony of the soul: intellect, emotion, and desire.
The best activity is intellectual stimulation and the most important quality is a strong intellect.
The just person is pleased, not in a state of discord.
The conflict between one's own good and the good of the community is NOT irresolvable


Spinoza, Baruch (later known as Benedictus)1632-1677
Determinist
Something must have a desirable affect on man in order to be good
Must understand determinism of the world


Stoicism
The common capacity to reason allows all humans to achieve virtue and wisdom.
The external circumstances of a person's life are irrelevant.
One can achieve virtue by becoming indifferent to external differences.
Passions must be rejected all together in deciding what is good and what is bad.
Reason alone must be used in deciding what is good and what is bad.
The common ability of humans to reason is why ethical relativism should be rejected.
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
shahrukh khan said:

1. a
2. b
3. c
4. b
5. a
6. b
7. c
8. b
9. b
10.b
11.a
12.a


as u didnt tell me the priority i supposed it MEDIUM
here s ur result
1. Aquinas (100%)
2. Mill John Stuart (90%)
3. Ockham (81%)
4. St. Augustine (78%)
5. Kant (77%)
6. Epicureans (73%)
7. Aristotle (68%)
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
Frankenstein said:

1.b
2.d
3.f
4.d
5.f
6.b
7.d
8.c
9.a
10.c
11.b
12.f


1. Stoics (100%)
2. Spinoza (93%)
3. Aquinas (90%)
4. Sartre (86%)
5. Nietzsche (85%)
6. St. Augustine (85%)
7. Kant (83%)
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
faradiya said:

1) a
2) a
3) e/f -->(E)
4) a
5) f
6) b
7) c
8) b
9) b
10) c
11) b
12) d


1. Aquinas (100%)
2. St. Augustine (82%)
3. Spinoza (65%)
4. John Stuart Mill (64%)
5. Bentham Jeremy (62%)
6. Aristotle (61%)
7. Cynics (60%)
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
WAFA said:

1..>d
2..>d
3..f
4..>b
5..>f
6..>b
7..>d
8..>b
9..>..yes.and yes one should be SELFISH to some extent...TO SOME EXTENT, (hmm,, then its closer to D)
10..> C
11..>B AND C (just one yarrr,, i took B)
12..>STRONG, SPRITUAL, RATIONAL (kya naa,, bewafaa.. i took B coz it had 'strong' and 'rational')


1. David Hume (100%)
2. Stoics (96%)
3. Ayn Rand (94%)
4. Aquinas (90%)
5. Aristotle (90%)
6. Nietzsche (88%)
7. Plato (74%)
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Ashii says
hmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm...
if u guyz allow me,, may i comment on ur opinions,,, nothing negative, but i noticed that somtimes u said opposite of ur own opinion..........




i ll tell ya my result later
pehle baki sab ki dhulai kar lu
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Freddy says
didn't get..how you calculate it...............regarding with opposite of our own opinion.........shahrukh ki ghalti tu samnay nazar aati hai


In 3rd question he choose God's will ....C
in 5th question he choose

5. VIRTUOUS LIFE To be virtuous/live morally, we should primarily make moral distinctions according to:
a) our passions, desires, and sentiment.


according to his 3rd question opinion..it should be

f) religious revelation and spiritual reflection



abb hamari bongiyoon kay matalik batayaa jayee.....................hum hama-tun-ghosh hain Anaarkali!!
kekekeke
Posted 31 Mar 2005

Posted 01 Apr 2005

Ashii says
freddy puter hum anarkali hote to aaj hindooooostan ki history kuch aur hoti




iss mei galti kuch nahi hai,,, hum jo sochte hein zaroori nahi wohi karein bhi,,,, that s the reason of our decline, rite ??
i already said ""i noticed that somtimes u said opposite of ur own opinion""

khair abhi hum sone ja rahe hein,,,
aur saru beta,, aap aisi shaklein na bana'ain,, bache darr ja'ain ge,, chalo shabash so ja k
Posted 01 Apr 2005

Ashii says
hmmmmm.... yarr,, sab ki alag alag khichai karna asaan nahi hai
i mean yeh to kissi ki opinion ko judge karna ho gaya na..


aik baat,,,, jab tak aap khud se sincer nahi hoge to aise test ka koi matlab nahi reh jae ga,,, and being sincere to ourselves is.................
ermmm,, mushkil hai bohot

reason,,, WE are split btw 2 forces,, our religious origins and our own desirs.. hum chahe kitna mature ho ja'ain par yeh baat apne dil mei bhi nahi maan sakte k at some points we r unable to understand GOD's WILL
apne dil mei jhanke bager humein zyada fikr apni image ki rehti hai
that s y i said being sincer to ourselves is not easy..


ab agar results dekh ja'ain to it seems k hum sab doodh k nahae farishte hein,, hehehehee... except one person who seems to b more realistic (at some points),,
u little devil


areyy yar aise gussa hone ki zaroorat nahi hai,, me apna result batau to yakeenan sab ki hansi nikal jae,, ok lets laff a bit
100% st augustine
90% Spinoza
85% Kante
yaani k HUM MRS SALL aka jb's bhoot, reincarnation of selfishness,,, a little devil
hum iss test k mutabik naiki k putle hein



woh kya kehte hein na,,, soch bager amal k,, aur amal bager niyyat k kuch nahi...........
ab agay kya kahu
Posted 01 Apr 2005

SALL said:

freddy puter hum anarkali hote to aaj hindooooostan ki history kuch aur hoti




iss mei galti kuch nahi hai,,, hum jo sochte hein zaroori nahi wohi karein bhi,,,, that s the reason of our decline, rite ??
i already said ""i noticed that somtimes u said opposite of ur own opinion""

khair abhi hum sone ja rahe hein,,,
aur saru beta,, aap aisi shaklein na bana'ain,, bache darr ja'ain ge,, chalo shabash so ja k



JO SOTA HAI WOH KHOTA HAI
Posted 01 Apr 2005

BadShaH1 says
1-(b)
2-(a)
3-(b)
4-(b)
5-(d)
6-(b)
7-(b)
8-(d)
9-(b)
10-(d)
11-(c)
12-(g)

here r mine, sall baji mera bhi result do!
Posted 01 Apr 2005

Ashii says
shahrukh khan said:

JO SOTA HAI WOH KHOTA HAI


ufff sarrruuuuuuuuuuuu....
btw aap jab nahi sote tab bhi * * * * * * *

Posted 01 Apr 2005

Ashii says
BadShaH1 said:

1-(b)
2-(a)
3-(b)
4-(b)
5-(d)
6-(b)
7-(b)
8-(d)
9-(b)
10-(d)
11-(c)
12-(g)

here r mine, sall baji mera bhi result do!


baji
hahhahhhaa... oupss,,, yeh lijiye results munnu bhaiyya

1. Jean-Paul Sartre (100%)
2. Spinoza (95%)
3. David Hume (91%)
4. Aristotle (87%)
5. Plato (85%)
6. Aquinas (82%)
7. John Stuart Mill (76%)
Posted 01 Apr 2005

BadShaH1 says
hume
sartre kon tha??
Posted 03 Apr 2005

Ashii says
BadShaH1 said:

hume
sartre kon tha??


ufffff,, jean paul sartre
check previous page for details
Posted 03 Apr 2005

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