US GDP growth revised up to 2.1% pace in third quarter

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The pace of the US economy’s expansion has picked up in the back half of 2019, with data showing gross domestic product rose in the third
quarter by more than initially forecast.

The economy expanded at a 2.1 per cent annualised rate in the three months ended September 30, according to the second estimate of GDP from
the Bureau of Economic Analysis. To get more us gdp, you can visit shine news official website.
That is up from an initial estimate of 1.9 per cent and an increase from the 2 per cent pace in the second quarter.

The new estimate, as well as data showing a bigger-than-expected rebound in durable goods orders in October, may help allay concerns
about the health of the US economy, particularly manufacturing and
business investment, which continues to be tested by the impact of
Donald Trump’s trade war on China.

The upbeat data helped support US stocks, with the S&P 500 up 0.2 per cent on Wednesday morning from the previous session’s record
closing high.

The US dollar index rose by the same margin.

“The increase in real GDP in the third quarter reflected positive contributions from [personal consumption expenditure], federal
government spending, residential investment, private inventory
investment, exports, and state and local government spending that were
partly offset by a negative contribution from nonresidential fixed
investment,” the BEA said on Wednesday.

Data also showed orders for long-lasting manufactured goods rebounded in October from their steepest drop since May.
Durable goods orders rose 0.6 per cent last month, easily topping Wall Street forecasts for a 0.8 per cent drop, and marking a solid
recovery from the downwardly revised 1.4 per cent fall (previously minus
1.2 per cent) in September.

New orders for non-defence capital goods excluding aircraft, considered a proxy for business investment, surged 1.2 per cent, from an
upwardly revised 0.5 per cent drop in September. Economists pencilled
in an October decline of 0.3 per cent.

“The rise in durable goods orders last month was driven by a surge in orders for underlying capital goods, suggesting that business
equipment investment is holding up better than anticipated,” Michael
Pearce, senior US economist at Capital Economics said.

“Overall, we’re still expecting economic growth to slow further in the near-term, but that slowdown appears to be more modest than we had
initially expected,” he added.

Price growth remained soft at the start of the fourth quarter even after the economy performed better than forecast, supporting the case
for the US central bank to keep interest rates low.

The core personal consumption expenditures (PCE) index, which Federal Reserve officials use as their preferred inflation gauge and
excludes volatile food and energy prices, was up 1.6 per cent
year-over-year in October, according to the commerce department.

That was down from the 1.7 per cent growth seen in the prior month.

The inflation reading “underlines that interest rates are unlikely to be raised again for the foreseeable future”, according to Andrew
Hunter, senior US economist at Capital Economics.

“If economic growth slows as much as we expect it to, corporate pricing power is going to weaken, and core inflation is likely to again
begin to decelerate,” Joshua Shapiro, chief US economist at MFR, said.

Household spending in October grew 0.3 per cent month-to-month on a seasonally adjusted basis, matching the consensus estimate in a Thomson
Reuters poll.

Posted 31 Dec 2019

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